It is sparingly distributed in Manitoba, Ontario, and Quebec [ 54 , ], rare along the Atlantic coast from Massachusetts to Virginia [ 51 ], occasional in Tennessee, North Carolina, and Georgia [ ], and restricted to Hemphill County in the Texas panhandle [ ]. Silvics of North America. In a bottomland hardwood forest in the Mermet Lake State Conservation Area in Illinois, density of common hackberry stems generally increased as overstory density decreased. Common hackberry sprouts from the root crown following top-kill [ 54 , 90 ], and many sources indicate that sprouting is much more likely for seedlings and small trees than large trees [ , , ]. Fruits are attractive to a variety of wildlife. Hackberry grows naturally in moist bottomland soil but will grow rapidly in a variety of soil types from moist, fertile soils to hot, dry, rocky locations in the full sun. Although field studies suggest that common hackberry has established on burned sites [ , ], it is unclear whether or not seedlings established from on- or off-site seed sources.
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Stipules varying in form, caducous. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing. Hackberry's wood is light yellow; heavy, soft, coarse-grained, not strong. In the western part of its range, it is restricted to well developed river valleys, northern slopes, or protected ravines and does not occur on windswept sites [ ]. However, after studies at North Dakota's Mandan Experimental Station, common hackberry was not recommended for Northern Great Plains sites without favorable moisture [ 65 ]. Successional Status Learn more about this article. At the Stones River National Battlefield in Tennessee, common hackberry was dominant in the black walnut-Ohio buckeye Juglans nigra-Aesculus glabra -common hackberry and shingle oak-Shumard oak Q.
Trees of Ohio: Hackberry
There were fewer young, avian-dispersed tree species under living than dead trees [ ]. When forest composition and species abundance were compared in and , researchers found that common hackberry increased in importance in a relatively undisturbed mature oak-hickory stand in Tippecanoe County, Indiana. Fire Regime Table Learn more about this article. Of the 9 species presented to woodchucks, common hackberry was the 5th most eaten [ ].
Description: The roots are fibrous and it grows rapidly. In the Flint Hills and Konza Prairie of eastern Kansas, fires burned in the tallgrass prairies every 2 to 3 years. Celtis occidentalis roots tend to grow deep, and unlikely to buckle sidewalks. At its extreme northwestern distribution, common hackberry is described as an early-seral forest species. Although common hackberry tolerates a range of soil conditions, growth is typically best in fertile, moist but well-drained soils [ ].